Utah Court Records
Utah has a traditional court structure with a Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts, Juvenile Courts, and Justice Courts. Each branch of the judicial system requires documentation of court proceedings; these are later turned into publicly accessible court records.
Because of the rising capability of the digital storage and accessibility of the Internet, Utah court records are more readily available than they ever have been. This comes as a relief to the public and law professionals who would formerly have to appear in person at the state law library or courthouse of record to obtain court documents. Whether these documents are used as research for a new case or for genealogists to piece family histories together using vital records, court records are a useful resource of the state.
History of Utah Courts
The first official court system of Utah was created while it was still a territory in 1850. It was comprised of a Supreme Court, three District Courts and local Justices of the Peace. In 1894 the territorial courts were pronounced State Courts after Utah joined the United States officially in 1896.
As the caseload of the Supreme Court became heavier, the judicial system adjusted again in 1987 to add the Court of Appeals to handle appellate cases from the Juvenile and District Courts.
Utah Court Statistics
Utah Courts recieve 706,498 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 812,719 filings and gave 838,676 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 627,752 filings and had 663,376 dispositions.
Total State Caseloads
Utah Court Records Availability
Utah court records are highly available online and organized by non-public records, appellate docket search, appellate court records, district court records, archived court records, digital recordings, and weekly case reports. The appellate court opinions are separated into the Supreme Court category and Court of Appeals category.
Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads
|Traffic:||364,693 (58.1 %)|
|Domestic Relations:||23,967 (3.8 %)|
|Criminal:||126,734 (20.2 %)|
|Civil:||112,358 (17.9 %)|
Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads
|Traffic:||389,330 (58.7 %)|
|Domestic Relations:||23,195 (3.5 %)|
|Criminal:||137,395 (20.7 %)|
|Civil:||113,456 (17.1 %)|
Utah Main Court Information
The Supreme Court is Utah’s court of last resort and is responsible for cases involving interpretation of the state and federal constitution and disciplining attorneys and admitting to the Bar. The Supreme Court is presided over by a Chief Justice, elected by the other 4 associate justices who serve alongside in the highest court of the land; each justice is elected for a term of 10 years.
In 1987 the Court of Appeals was established to provide an intermediate level of appellate jurisdiction to ease the caseload of the Supreme Court. The Court of Appeals presides over all appellate cases from District and Juvenile Courts and considers appeals from certain state agencies.
Utah consists of 8 judicial districts with 71 full-time justices serving on the Utah District Courts, responsible for trial and original jurisdiction of civil and criminal cases of the state. The Utah Juvenile Courts specifically handle cases with minors who have violated the laws of a municipality, the state of Utah, or the nation. Lastly, Utah Justice Courts serve to handle cases of small claims, violation of ordinances, and class B or C misdemeanors.
Family Court Cases
Domestic relations caseload of Utah at year end 2016 has increased by 4.6% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 22,863 with a rate of 801 cases per 100,000 population, lower than it's in 2016.
|Year||Domestic Relations Caseload||Total Statewide Caseload|
Domestic Relations Clearance Rates
|Year||Incoming Caseload||Outgoing Caseload||Caseload per 100,000 Population|
States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Utah
Utah Caseload Statistics
The Supreme Court of Utah oversaw 526 filings and a low number of dispositions, 232, for the year 2014. The caseload for filings and dispositions is typically closer to an average of 600 annually.
Utah Criminal Caseloads
The number of criminal cases in Utah counts 120,138 with 24,159 felony cases and 95,979 misdemeanors accordingly.
|Year||Criminal Caseload||Misdemeanor Caseload||Felony Caseload|
State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates
In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 15,458 cases, it went from 127,816 to 112,358 with clearance rates of 106% and 101%.
|Year||Civil Caseload||Clearance Rate|