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Utah Court Records

Utah has a traditional court structure with a Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts, Juvenile Courts, and Justice Courts. Each branch of the judicial system requires documentation of court proceedings; these are later turned into publicly accessible court records.

Because of the rising capability of the digital storage and accessibility of the Internet, Utah court records are more readily available than they ever have been. This comes as a relief to the public and law professionals who would formerly have to appear in person at the state law library or courthouse of record to obtain court documents. Whether these documents are used as research for a new case or for genealogists to piece family histories together using vital records, court records are a useful resource of the state.

Utah Court Records

History of Utah Courts

The first official court system of Utah was created while it was still a territory in 1850. It was comprised of a Supreme Court, three District Courts and local Justices of the Peace. In 1894 the territorial courts were pronounced State Courts after Utah joined the United States officially in 1896.

As the caseload of the Supreme Court became heavier, the judicial system adjusted again in 1987 to add the Court of Appeals to handle appellate cases from the Juvenile and District Courts.

Utah Court Statistics

Utah Courts recieve 706,498 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 812,719 filings and gave 838,676 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 627,752 filings and had 663,376 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 812,719
2013 742,673
2014 705,354
2015 643,992
2016 627,752

Utah Court Records Availability

Utah court records are highly available online and organized by non-public records, appellate docket search, appellate court records, district court records, archived court records, digital recordings, and weekly case reports. The appellate court opinions are separated into the Supreme Court category and Court of Appeals category.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 364,693 (58.1 %)
Domestic Relations: 23,967 (3.8 %)
Criminal: 126,734 (20.2 %)
Civil: 112,358 (17.9 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 389,330 (58.7 %)
Domestic Relations: 23,195 (3.5 %)
Criminal: 137,395 (20.7 %)
Civil: 113,456 (17.1 %)

Utah Main Court Information

The Supreme Court is Utah’s court of last resort and is responsible for cases involving interpretation of the state and federal constitution and disciplining attorneys and admitting to the Bar. The Supreme Court is presided over by a Chief Justice, elected by the other 4 associate justices who serve alongside in the highest court of the land; each justice is elected for a term of 10 years.

In 1987 the Court of Appeals was established to provide an intermediate level of appellate jurisdiction to ease the caseload of the Supreme Court. The Court of Appeals presides over all appellate cases from District and Juvenile Courts and considers appeals from certain state agencies.

Utah consists of 8 judicial districts with 71 full-time justices serving on the Utah District Courts, responsible for trial and original jurisdiction of civil and criminal cases of the state. The Utah Juvenile Courts specifically handle cases with minors who have violated the laws of a municipality, the state of Utah, or the nation. Lastly, Utah Justice Courts serve to handle cases of small claims, violation of ordinances, and class B or C misdemeanors.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Utah at year end 2016 has increased by 4.6% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 22,863 with a rate of 801 cases per 100,000 population, lower than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 22,863 812,719
2013 21,779 742,673
2014 23,568 705,354
2015 23,784 643,992
2016 23,967 627,752

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 22,863 22,853 801
2013 21,779 22,198 751
2014 23,568 23,330 801
2015 23,784 23,536 794
2016 23,967 23,195 785

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Utah

More Domestic Relations Cases than Utah:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Utah:

State: Caseload:
Idaho 22,769
South Dakota 16,805
Montana 15,635
New Hampshire 15,008
Hawaii 13,387

Utah Caseload Statistics

The Supreme Court of Utah oversaw 526 filings and a low number of dispositions, 232, for the year 2014. The caseload for filings and dispositions is typically closer to an average of 600 annually.

Utah Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Utah counts 120,138 with 24,159 felony cases and 95,979 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 174,705 24,335 140,008
2013 131,187 23,919 97,121
2014 128,884 26,082 97,096
2015 122,154 25,369 91,498
2016 126,734 24,159 95,979

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 15,458 cases, it went from 127,816 to 112,358 with clearance rates of 106% and 101%.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 127,816 106
2013 125,011 104
2014 119,710 110
2015 115,214 105
2016 112,358 101