New Jersey Court Records

Due to the increasing capabilities of online storage and data retrieval, many court records for the state of New Jersey can be found online without the time and energy spent tracking down documents in person. The Internet provides access to law professionals as well as the public for accessibility to historical case decisions, records for personal law research and education, vital records and can even help the searcher find genealogy materials.

There are multiple levels of courts providing records in the state of New Jersey. These include the Supreme Court, Superior Court, Tax Court and Municipal Courts.

New Jersey Court Records

History of New Jersey Courts

Court records in New Jersey date back to the original minutes at District Court’s first location in New Brunswick on December 22, 1789. It was later in 1869 that a separate justice for each district was either elected or appointed and given the same power as Supreme Court justices in their respective jurisdiction. In 1891 the Court of Appeals was established to relieve the caseload for the Supreme Court.

The Historical Society of New Jersey proudly celebrates the long history of its judiciary traditions as do the many law libraries in the state.

New Jersey Court Statistics

New Jersey Courts recieve 7,165,516 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 7,345,329 filings and gave 7,321,127 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 6,963,508 filings and had 6,898,969 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 7,345,329
2013 7,427,439
2014 7,278,741
2015 6,812,563
2016 6,963,508

New Jersey Court Records Availability

Rutgers Law School in Camden has maintained court opinions of the Supreme Court, Appellate Division and Tax Court of New Jersey for over three decades. Online New Jersey court records queries can be specified by docket, name, or judgment. Available records include criminal and civil cases from multiple levels of the judiciary system.

Additionally, recent unpublished trial court decisions are made available via the New Jersey Judiciary for six weeks after the trial is completed. The unpublished Appellate opinions can be found for ten days after the ruling from the aforementioned source.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 5,206,012 (74.8 %)
Domestic Relations: 247,042 (3.5 %)
Criminal: 753,691 (10.8 %)
Civil: 756,763 (10.9 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 5,202,871 (75.4 %)
Domestic Relations: 247,393 (3.6 %)
Criminal: 666,493 (9.7 %)
Civil: 782,212 (11.3 %)

New Jersey Main Court Information

New Jersey is similar to many other places nationally where the Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the state. It is up to the Supreme Court to uphold constitutional law, act as an authority for disciplinary action regarding law professionals, and to review appeals made from lower courts of the state.

The Superior Court of New Jersey is the state’s intermediate appellate court. There are 32 justices serving on the Superior Court and typically form panels of 2 to 4 judges for specific cases. These cases may come from tax courts, trial courts, or the administrative agencies of the state.

The 21 Municipal Courts in New Jersey have limited jurisdiction and preside over criminal and civil cases of less severity such as traffic and motor vehicle violations, misdemeanors, and municipal ordinance violations.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of New Jersey at year end 2016 has decreased by 13.3% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 279,888 with a rate of 3,157 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 279,888 7,345,329
2013 281,844 7,427,439
2014 269,026 7,278,741
2015 255,800 6,812,563
2016 247,042 6,963,508

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 279,888 281,078 3,157
2013 281,844 281,533 3,167
2014 269,026 271,606 3,010
2015 255,800 257,576 2,856
2016 247,042 247,393 2,762

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than New Jersey

More Domestic Relations Cases than New Jersey:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than New Jersey:

State: Caseload:
Florida 233,545
Ohio 205,293
Georgia 150,303
Illinois 141,703
North Carolina 121,737

New Jersey Caseload Statistics

The Appellate Division of the Superior Court decides in the region of 6,500 appeals and nearly 10,000 motions annually. The Supreme Court had 910 filings in 2011 and 934 dispositions the same year.

New Jersey Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in New Jersey counts 753,057 with 239,497 felony cases and 513,560 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 719,316 247,490 470,846
2013 719,905 246,200 472,751
2014 711,323 239,192 471,312
2015 711,618 235,060 475,830
2016 753,691 239,497 513,560

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 79,135 cases, it went from 835,898 to 756,763 with clearance rates of 102% and 103%.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 835,898 102
2013 882,676 105
2014 862,117 101
2015 783,918 103
2016 756,763 103