New Hampshire Court Records

Due to the increasing capabilities of digital storage, many court records for the state of New Hampshire can be found online without expending time and energy tracking down records in person. The Internet provides access to the public as well as law professionals for accessibility to vital records, genealogy exploration materials, histories for similar cases when filing a new case, and records for personal law research and education.

There are multiple trial level courts which generate court records of the state, and cases appealed from lower courts are reviewed and at times presided over by the Superior and Supreme Court justices of New Hampshire.

New Hampshire Court Records

History of New Hampshire Courts

The history of New Hampshire judiciary system dates back to 1776 when the colony adopted a temporary constitution, the first of its kind in the early days of America. It shifted the power of appeals from the governor and council to an appellate court with four justices. Then in 1876, an act was passed to nominate the Supreme Court as the highest court in New Hampshire. Nearly another one hundred years passed, and then in 1971 a more unified court system was developed by making the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court responsible for operation of courts state-wide, working with the advice and consent of the Chief Justice of the Superior Court.

New Hampshire Court Statistics

New Hampshire Courts recieve 145,683 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 154,997 filings and gave 157,036 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 137,244 filings and had 133,909 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 154,997
2013 151,151
2014 144,129
2015 140,892
2016 137,244

New Hampshire Court Records Availability

Court records are stored digitally and in many cases on paper. Respectively, New Hampshire began immediately storing civil and criminal records in June 2004 and January 2005. Older records can be found by searching by case number or party involved.

New Hampshire court records from the Supreme and Superior Courts include civil and criminal cases, interpretation cases of the state and federal constitution, and appeals. Lower courts such as the Circuit Courts have a district, family and probate division. New Hampshire also hosts a Drug and Mental Health Court, and a Mediation and Arbitration branch which keep records of their court proceedings.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 35,670 (26.0 %)
Domestic Relations: 15,008 (10.9 %)
Criminal: 45,622 (33.2 %)
Civil: 40,944 (29.8 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 34,014 (25.4 %)
Domestic Relations: 14,913 (11.1 %)
Criminal: 44,378 (33.1 %)
Civil: 40,604 (30.3 %)

New Hampshire Main Court Information

The New Hampshire Supreme Court, located in Concord, is the only appellate court of the state and is composed of the Chief Justice and four associate justices. The Supreme Court is necessary to interpret constitutional standings on a case by case basis, appeal cases from lower courts, and to provide disciplinary action of judges and lawyers.

The Superior Court is the state court for trials by jury in criminal and civil cases. In New Hampshire, there are 11 Superior Court sites that employ 20 fulltime judges who may hold offices until the age of seventy. Common cases for this type of court are felonies, negligence and damage claims, zoning and planning, as well as misdemeanor appeals from Circuit Courts.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of New Hampshire at year end 2016 has decreased by 4.2% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 15,644 with a rate of 1,185 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 15,644 154,997
2013 15,356 151,151
2014 14,557 144,129
2015 14,556 140,892
2016 15,008 137,244

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 15,644 15,570 1,185
2013 15,356 15,420 1,160
2014 14,557 14,676 1,097
2015 14,556 14,036 1,094
2016 15,008 14,913 1,124

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than New Hampshire

More Domestic Relations Cases than New Hampshire:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than New Hampshire:

State: Caseload:
Hawaii 13,387
Maine 13,161
North Dakota 13,134
District of Columbia 12,715
Alaska 12,562

New Hampshire Caseload Statistics

In 2011 the Supreme Court presided over 910 filings and held dispositions over 934 cases. In that same year, the Superior Court had over 14,000 cases between all eleven locations in New Hampshire. The Circuit Court caseload proved to be much higher and oversaw nearly 171,000 cases.

New Hampshire Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in New Hampshire counts 45,621 with 14,848 felony cases and 30,773 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 45,376 12,976 32,340
2013 46,090 13,430 32,660
2014 45,521 13,818 31,691
2015 45,763 14,947 30,810
2016 45,622 14,848 30,773

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 7,855 cases, it went from 48,799 to 40,944 with clearance rates of 103% and 99%.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 48,799 103
2013 45,467 100
2014 42,712 102
2015 41,365 98
2016 40,944 99