Missouri Court Records

Many Missouri court records are obtainable through the Internet today, including appellate decisions and civil and criminal records from trial courts. These records are of vital importance when conducting genealogical research, historical research for legal purposes, or even in the event you choose to represent yourself in court. Many attorneys and current court judges utilize these systems to obtain case histories for court arguments and opinions.

Missouri Court Records

History of Missouri Courts

The Supreme Court of Missouri Historical Database offers criminal and civil court case information dating prior to 1889. Some of these records date as far back as the early 1800s. The Supreme Court was established in 1820 and helped to establish the historical database with the Missouri State Archives and Supreme Court of Missouri Historical Society.

Missouri Court Statistics

Missouri Courts recieve 2,587,390 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 2,840,743 filings and gave 2,451,275 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 2,216,593 filings and had 2,059,069 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 2,840,743
2013 2,844,265
2014 2,680,100
2015 2,355,249
2016 2,216,593

Missouri Court Records Availability

Missouri’s Supreme Court Library holds more than 100,000 volumes for the judiciary and members of the public to research. These volumes are held in addition to statutes, constitutions and periodicals from across the country. The library is located in Jefferson City. Other records available at the library include law reviews and legal journals, copies of some historical documents and decisions, oral arguments and Supreme Court decisions, court rules, procedures and forms and past appellate decisions for public research purposes.

Other Missouri court records are available through the Missouri court system online. Records include scheduled hearings and trials, civil and criminal proceedings, small claims cases and divorces, property disputes and appeals information. These records can be searched by litigant name, filing date or case number, and can offer details about the court proceedings during the case and the current disposition. Many of these Missouri court records are necessary when determining the validity of a judgment, conducting research before representing yourself in court, or even when a divorce needs to be confirmed to remarry or change identity.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 1,620,924 (73.1 %)
Domestic Relations: 117,946 (5.3 %)
Criminal: 222,995 (10.1 %)
Civil: 254,728 (11.5 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 1,480,365 (71.9 %)
Domestic Relations: 118,415 (5.8 %)
Criminal: 213,275 (10.4 %)
Civil: 247,014 (12.0 %)

Missouri Main Court Information

Missouri’s Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the state, and meets in Jefferson City. There is currently one “justice” and six “judges” serving the court. These judges and justice are selected by the Missouri Appellate Judicial Commission. Three names for each vacancy are submitted to the governor, who awards the placement. After being selected to serve, the judges and justice must retain the seat via election and can do so for a 12-year term.

The Missouri Supreme Court hears appeals from lower courts and exercises discretionary jurisdiction over cases where a law needs to be examined or a general interest issue is at hand.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Missouri at year end 2016 has decreased by 7.6% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 126,887 with a rate of 2,107 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 126,887 2,840,743
2013 119,257 2,844,265
2014 117,522 2,680,100
2015 117,012 2,355,249
2016 117,946 2,216,593

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 126,887 127,543 2,107
2013 119,257 119,986 1,973
2014 117,522 116,794 1,938
2015 117,012 117,859 1,923
2016 117,946 118,415 1,936

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Missouri

More Domestic Relations Cases than Missouri:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Missouri:

State: Caseload:
Michigan 114,563
Maryland 111,299
Indiana 97,578
Alabama 82,891
Arizona 79,645

Missouri Caseload Statistics

The Missouri Supreme Court has a very light caseload on an annual basis. In 2007, there were 86 filings and 90 dispositions. In 2014 there were 65 filings and 81 dispositions.

Missouri Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Missouri counts 221,347 with 106,313 felony cases and 115,034 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 226,852 103,282 121,056
2013 224,598 102,097 120,521
2014 208,822 96,165 110,739
2015 212,206 98,842 111,309
2016 222,995 106,313 115,034

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 39,105 cases, it went from 293,833 to 254,728 with clearance rates of 100% and 97%.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 293,833 100
2013 272,783 101
2014 250,370 102
2015 243,647 97
2016 254,728 97