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Indiana Court Records

Indiana has a vast multicultural history with both German immigrant families and Native American tribes, enabling it to offer historical court records to the public from both of these cultures. Modern Indiana court records include court decisions and oral arguments, state and federal statutes and constitutions, current court rules and court forms for public use.

History of Indiana Court Records

In 1867, the state legislature established the Supreme Court Law Library and gave books from the State Library at the time to start its collection. Indiana court records held here are mainly used by justices and staff of the Supreme Court for research purposes when deciding a case. Other state agencies, the governor’s office, legislature, attorneys and citizens are also granted access to the library’s holdings.

Indiana Court Records

History of Indiana Courts

In 1867, the state legislature established the Supreme Court Law Library and gave books from the State Library at the time to start its collection. Indiana court records held here are mainly used by justices and staff of the Supreme Court for research purposes when deciding a case. Other state agencies, the governor’s office, legislature, attorneys and citizens are also granted access to the library’s holdings.

Indiana Court Statistics

Indiana Courts recieve 1,416,186 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 1,618,608 filings and gave 1,541,137 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 1,288,816 filings and had 1,258,836 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 1,618,608
2013 1,497,977
2014 1,324,047
2015 1,351,483
2016 1,288,816

Indiana Court Records Availability

Located in the state house in Indianapolis, the Supreme Court Law Library offers more than 70,000 volumes to the public. Selective federal government publications are also maintained at this location.

Indiana court records can be researched online, and can include legal periodicals and law reviews, appellate decisions, oral arguments, trial court dockets and other case records. Court rules are also maintained at the library and court forms necessary for the public representing themselves in court are other important Indiana court records found at the library.

Copies of the Indiana Constitution, U.S. Constitution, Indiana Code and Indiana Administrative Code are also maintained at the Supreme Court Law Library. Of other interest are recordings and transcripts of Indiana Attorney General Opinions.

Some of the most interesting Indiana court records found in the library include a 1565 book containing the laws of England, and a historical edition of Indiana statutes in German, dated in the 1850s. At that point in time, 13% of Indiana’s residents were of German heritage. Other interesting records include constitutions and codes for Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Osage Nation and Indian Territory Native American tribes.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 524,170 (40.7 %)
Domestic Relations: 97,578 (7.6 %)
Criminal: 280,813 (21.8 %)
Civil: 386,255 (30.0 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 522,085 (41.5 %)
Domestic Relations: 93,482 (7.4 %)
Criminal: 267,569 (21.3 %)
Civil: 375,700 (29.8 %)

Indiana Main Court Information

The Indiana Supreme Court was established in 1816 when the state’s first constitution was drafted. This is the court of last resort in the state’s judicial system, and hears appeals from all lower courts. A total of five justices serve the court, which is in session all year long at the state house in Indianapolis.

This court has jurisdiction over supervision of attorneys operating in the state, determining jurisdictions of other courts, petitions for cases questioning law, death penalty and life sentence appeals, as well as cases where the constitutionality of a statute comes into question.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Indiana at year end 2016 has decreased by 9.0% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 106,358 with a rate of 1,627 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 106,358 1,618,608
2013 98,179 1,497,977
2014 94,137 1,324,047
2015 93,879 1,351,483
2016 97,578 1,288,816

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 106,358 107,713 1,627
2013 98,179 102,882 1,494
2014 94,137 91,392 1,427
2015 93,879 94,331 1,418
2016 97,578 93,482 1,471

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Indiana

More Domestic Relations Cases than Indiana:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Indiana:

State: Caseload:
Alabama 82,891
Arizona 79,645
Massachusetts 78,134
Kentucky 64,784
Washington 59,949

Indiana Caseload Statistics

Most of Indiana’s cases are resolved by lower trial courts, as only 1% of them ever reach the Indiana Supreme Court. Average caseloads are usually around 1,000. In 2007, there were 1,065 filings and 1,096 dispositions. In 2014 there were 995 filings and 970 dispositions.

Indiana Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Indiana counts 219,440 with 70,615 felony cases and 148,825 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 299,134 83,436 177,253
2013 278,359 80,108 158,435
2014 259,113 70,916 141,048
2015 269,331 68,685 146,390
2016 280,813 70,615 148,825

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 61,096 cases, it went from 447,351 to 386,255 with clearance rates of 93% and 97%.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 447,351 93
2013 421,456 100
2014 407,408 101
2015 399,805 111
2016 386,255 97