Idaho Court Records

Idaho court records are created by the Idaho judiciary and maintained by the Idaho State Law Library in Boise, with the main mission to provide legal and research support to the Idaho Supreme Court. These records are also available to the public for research purposes, and include historical documents, legal textbooks and journals, current statutes and federal judiciary information. Court decisions and arguments, as well as court forms and publications are also available.

These Idaho court records are largely available in person at the state library location, though vast amounts of records are accessible online since the library is managed by both the Supreme Court and the Idaho College of Law.

Idaho Court Records

History of Idaho Courts

The Idaho State Law Library is co-managed by the Idaho Supreme Court and University of Idaho College of Law. Its main mission is to assist the Supreme Court justices, but also provides access to the court system and documents to the public. It is permanently located in Boise at the Idaho Law & Justice Learning Center, but also offers online records and catalogs.

In 1869, a $500 appropriation under an Idaho statute provided for the purchase of legal material and established the Idaho State Law Library.

Idaho Court Statistics

Idaho Courts recieve 374,909 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 307,953 filings and gave 314,015 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 403,436
2013 372,605
2014 378,536
2015 350,443
2016 369,527

Idaho Court Records Availability

The Idaho State Law Library boasts nearly 30,000 volumes stored in house and 90,000 additional volumes accessible in storage. Legal academic books, law reviews, legal journals and periodicals as well as electronic resources are available in these Idaho court records. Past decisions and oral arguments, court forms and rules are also accessible here.

This library is largely a research facility for the public, though limited material lending may be available to attorneys, justices and legal students. Historical archives of Idaho’s constitution and amendments, as well as current state and local statutes, and even federal statutes are also maintained here.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 167,239 (47.7 %)
Domestic Relations: 22,960 (6.6 %)
Criminal: 93,771 (26.8 %)
Civil: 66,473 (19.0 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 170,387 (45.5 %)
Domestic Relations: 24,843 (6.6 %)
Criminal: 108,462 (29.0 %)
Civil: 70,418 (18.8 %)

Idaho Main Court Information

The Idaho Supreme Court was established in 1890 with the Idaho Constitution, and was then given appellate authority as the highest court in the state. This court hears appeals from all lower district courts, as well as orders from the Idaho Industrial Commission, Industrial Accident Commission and Public Utilities Commission. Idaho court records of the Supreme Court also include appeals from the Idaho Court of Appeals. The Supreme Court may also simply review a decision of this court of appeals.

There are a total of five justices serving the court, and the justices travel to Boise, Coeur d’Alene, Moscow, Lewiston, Pocatello, Rexburg, Idaho Falls, Caldwell and Twin Falls to hear oral arguments. The court’s permanent home is located in Boise.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Idaho at year end 2016 has decreased by 6.7% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 24,301 with a rate of 1,523 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 24,301 403,436
2013 23,099 372,605
2014 22,535 378,536
2015 22,960 350,443

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 24,301 22,795 1,523
2013 23,099 24,470 1,433
2014 22,535 24,161 1,379
2015 22,960 24,843 1,387

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Idaho

More Domestic Relations Cases than Idaho:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Idaho:

State: Caseload:
South Dakota 16,805
Montana 15,635
New Hampshire 15,008
Hawaii 13,387
Maine 13,161

Idaho Caseload Statistics

Idaho’s Supreme Court receives a wide variety of numbers of filings per year. In 2007, there were 936 filings and 365 dispositions. In 2014, there were only 163 filings and 126 dispositions.

Idaho Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Idaho counts 90,854 with 21,216 felony cases and 69,638 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 95,483 15,057 80,210
2013 92,950 15,521 77,137
2014 97,836 19,508 78,084
2015 93,771 19,801 73,756
2016 91,027 21,216 69,638

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has increased by 10,941 cases, it went from 79,791 to 90,732.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 79,791 105
2013 72,823 106
2014 74,435 104
2015 66,473 106