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Idaho court records are available to be obtained from different entities within the state judicial system. Court records are considered public records in line with the Idaho Public Records Law. Idaho court records are available in both paper and electronic formats. To obtain a court record, requestors may:

  • Visit the local courthouse and request to inspect the paper records
  • Visit the local courthouse, request to view the electronic copies of available court records through the public access terminal
  • Remotely access electronic court records online through the Idaho Courts website.

Note court records restricted or sealed by law or court order are unavailable to the public. To determine the location of a local courthouse in the state, consider the directory provided here. The directory includes the website of each courthouse and the contact of local judicial officers. Copying available court records may be subject to a fee.


Although requestors may not be able to obtain Idaho court records for free, electronic copies of case information can be accessed online for free in jurisdictions that provide online access to court records. In jurisdictions where such an offer is not provided, and in situations where certified copies of court records are required, a visit to the local courthouse where the case was filed will be required.

The public can access electronic copies of all Idaho court records online via the iCourt portal. It is an electronic platform that allows users to search for court records through a smart search option which requires a user to input one of two options:

  • A record number
  • name in last, first middle suffix format

The online platform also offers other advanced filtering options such as:

  • General Options (location, citation number, case cross-reference number, attorney name, attorney bar number, etc.)
  • Party Search Criteria (party name, nickname, business name, FBI number, SO number, booking number)
  • Case Search Criteria (closed, appealed, failed to appear, pending, etc.)
  • Protection Order Filters (Ex-parte, default, renewed, outstanding, quashed, rescinded, expired, terminated, voided, issued dates, etc.)

Note that iCourt only provides online access to case information. To obtain actual court documents, a visit to the relevant courthouse will be required. To find more information about obtaining court records from the District Courts in Idaho, contact the relevant court.

Court records are considered open to the public and are usually accessible through government sources, though they may also be accessed through third-party websites. These websites offer an easier method in most cases, as they are not limited by geographical area, or by limitations in search engine technology. They can often serve as a starting point when looking for a specific record, or multiple records. Interested parties must usually provide:

  • The name of the person listed in the record. This may not apply to records on juveniles.
  • The assumed or known location of the person listed in the record. This will most often be a city, county, or state.

Because they are not government-sponsored, record availability on third party websites may vary when compared to government sources.


There are four types of courts in Idaho namely; the Magistrate Courts, the District Courts, the Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Courts. The Magistrate Courts and the District Courts are the trial courts. The appellate courts are the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court. Idaho runs a unified court system, meaning all state courts are administered and supervised by the Idaho Supreme Court.

Decisions of the Magistrate Courts are reviewable by appeal in the District Courts. Appeals of the decisions of the District Courts are made directly to the Supreme Court in the state. The Supreme court is the highest court in Idaho and operates a deflective model by transferring some of the appeals filed to the Court of Appeals for hearing.

Idaho also runs some problem-solving courts such as Felony Drug Courts, Juvenile Mental Health Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, Mental Health Courts, Misdemeanor Drug/DUI Courts, Domestic Violence Courts, Child Protection Courts, and Veteran Treatment Courts. These courts were established to help reduce substance abuse and dependency among criminal and juvenile offenders and to limit the rate at which such addicts slip back into wayward practices.


Idaho is divided into 7 judicial districts which are:

  • 1st Judicial District - Benewah, Bonner, Boundary, Kootenai and Shoshone
  • 2nd Judicial District - Clearwater, Idaho, Latah, Lewis and Nez Perce
  • 3rd Judicial District - Adams, Canyon, Gem, Owyhee, Payette and Washington
  • 4th Judicial District - Ada, Boise, Elmore, and Valley
  • 5th Judicial District - Blaine, Camas, Cassia, Gooding, Jerome, Lincoln, Minidoka, and Twin Falls
  • 6th Judicial District - Bannock, Bear Lake, Caribou, Franklin, Oneida, and Power
  • 7th Judicial District - Bingham, Bonneville, Butte, Clark, Custer, Fremont, Jefferson, Lemhi, Madison and Teton

Idaho District Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases such as:

  • Personal injury and other civil claims
  • Contract disputes
  • Property disputes
  • Felony
  • Criminal matters

The Districts Courts also have appellate jurisdiction over:

  • Appeals from Magistrate Division Courts
  • Appeals from state agencies and boards
  • Appeals from Small Claims Department Courts

Even though domestic relation matters such as child custody matters and divorces are largely heard by the Magistrate Judges, District Court Judges may also handle such.

An unsatisfied party may appeal the decision of the District Courts to the Idaho Supreme Court which may, in turn, transfer the hearing to the Court of Appeals. There are 42 District Judges in the District Courts who are elected to 4-year terms in non-partisan elections within the judicial district of service.


Magistrate Courts are usually divisions of the District Courts and have limited jurisdictions. They hold preliminary hearings in felony cases to determine if there is probable cause for a charge against an offender. If probable cause is established in such situations, the cases are bound over to the District Court for trial. Magistrate judges are authorized to issue warrants of arrest and search warrants. In general, Magistrate Courts jurisdiction cover:

  • Misdemeanors
  • Civil cases in which the amount in dispute does not exceed $10,000
  • Habeas corpus proceedings
  • Probate cases (wills and estates)
  • Juvenile cases
  • Domestic relation matters (such as divorce, alimony, child support, and child custody)
  • Name changes
  • Permission to marry
  • Post-conviction relief

Magistrate Courts also have Small Claims divisions established to handle civil disputes in which the amount in contention does not exceed $4,000. Such matters are usually heard in the absence of juries and attorneys. Trials in Small Claims Courts are held in informal settings to allow for a quicker and low-cost resolution to minor disputes that fall under the court's jurisdiction. Small Claims Courts can only receive case filings from persons 18 years or older. An aggrieved party may file for an appeal of a decision of the Small Claims Court with a Magistrate Court. Magistrate Judges also sit as judges in the Small Claims Court.

Each of Idaho 44 counties has at least one Magistrate Judge. Densely populated counties may have more than one Magistrate Judge. There are 87 Magistrate Judges in Idaho


The Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court in Idaho. As a result of the state law mandating all appeals from the District Courts to be filed directly with the Supreme Court in Idaho, the Court of Appeals only handles appeal cases assigned to it from the highest court. The Supreme Court may assign different kinds of appeals to it except cases involving:

  • Claims against any state
  • Extraordinary writs
  • Appeals from the imposition of capital punishment
  • Appeals from the Industrial Commission
  • Appeals from Public Utilities Commission

It is possible for an unsatisfied party to the decision of the Court of Appeals to petition for further review with the Supreme Court. Note that the Supreme Court holds discretionary judgment over such appeal, hence may choose to deny or grant the petition.

The Idaho Court of Appeals consists of a Chief Judge and 3 judges who are elected to renewable 6-year terms in non-partisan elections. Appeals are heard in the court by a 3-judge panel. Court of Appeals hearings may be heard in the primary courtroom in Boise or at other locations in the state. Terms of the Court of Appeals Judges are staggered to ensure continuity of the court.


The Idaho Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the state. All appeals from the District Courts are filed directly to the Supreme Court. In an appellate capacity, the Supreme Court is authorized to:

  • Review decisions of the Court of Appeals upon its own motion, or if a petition of further review is filed with the Supreme Court.
  • Review decisions from certain administrative agencies such as the Public Utilities Commission and Industrial Commission

The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over matters such as:

  • Claims against the state
  • Issuing of writs of review
  • Mandamus
  • Prohibition
  • Habeas corpus

The Supreme Court has the responsibility of overseeing the administrative operations of the entire judicial system in Idaho and that includes establishing statewide rules and policies for the operations of the lower courts, the admission of attorneys into the practice of law, and the supervision and enforcement of appropriate ethical conduct among attorneys in the state.

The Supreme Court consists of a Chief Justice and 4 Justices elected in non-partisan at-large elections to 6-year terms. The terms are also staggered to ensure the continuity of the court. To contest for a justiceship position in the Supreme Court, candidates are expected to be a qualified elector, 30 years old, admitted into the practice of law in Idaho for at least 10 years, and must have resided in Idaho for at least 2 years preceding the election.


Approximately 500,000 cases are filed annually in Idaho courts. In 2015, a total of 362,170 cases were filed statewide in both District and Magistrate Courts in Idaho. The District Courts recorded 5,942 civil case filings and 8,581 criminal case filings in the year. Percentage-wise, civil cases represented 41% of the total number of cases in Idaho District Courts while criminal appeals were 59%. Annually, civil cases account for 40-45% of filings in the District Courts while criminal cases are between 52-60%.

In the year 2015, Idaho Magistrate Courts recorded 12,845 domestic relations cases, 73,541 civil cases, 72,632 misdemeanor cases, 8,760 felony cases, 171,833 infractions, and 8,036 juvenile cases.

In the same period, 75% of the cases brought before the appellate branches of the state judicial system were criminal cases, 19% of the total were civil appeals, while other types of appeals accounted for 6 percent.

Appellate Court Cases Filed, 2011-2014

2011 2012 2013 2014
Civil 260 219 194 204
Criminal 675 741 783 791
Misc. Other 81 87 72 67
Total 1,016 1,047 1,049 1,062

Data provided by the Idaho Judicial Branch

District Court Cases Filed, 2011-2015

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Civil 9,503 9,219 7,924 7,189 5,942
Criminal 7,132 7,313 7,555 8,245 8,581
Total 16,635 16,532 15,479 15,434 14,523

Data provided by the Idaho Judicial Branch

Magistrate Division Cases Filed, 2011-2015

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Civil 84,437 81,061 80,300 80,046 73,541
Domestic Relations 14,807 14,296 13,930 13,405 12,845
Misdemeanor 83,964 81,432 77,589 71,123 72,632
Felony 8,213 7,799 8,515 9,488 8,760
Juvenile 9,853 9,703 8,574 8,128 8,036
Infractions 220,306 210,550 194,624 184,270 171,833
Total 411,727 404,841 383,532 366,460 347,647

Data provided by the Idaho Judicial Branch

Total Court Filings at the Trial Courts, 2011-2015

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total District & Magistrate 438,215 420,893 399,535 386,420 362,170

Data provided by the Idaho Judicial Branch

First names in Idaho