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Connecticut Court Records

As part of America’s oldest history and settlements, Connecticut court records have become a cornerstone for present-day legal arguments by members of the Bar and reasoning by Connecticut Supreme Court Justices. Court records maintained at the state level include rules of the court, civil and criminal court proceedings, and even local and federal statutes.

Connecticut Court Records

History of Connecticut Courts

Connecticut court records were first created with the birth of the Connecticut Supreme Court in 1784. However, the state’s constitution was not completed until 1818.

The first volumes of Connecticut court records were written by Ephraim Kirby, who was also a legislator, farmer, soldier, attorney and judge in the Mississippi Territory. The state determined the need to record decisions by the court in writing to distinguish between American and English common laws. Connecticut’s legislature decided in 1785 that this should be required by law.

Ephraim had already started writing Connecticut court records for his own use, but was asked to expand and publicize in 1789, calling them, collectively, “Kirby’s Reports or Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Superior Court of the State of Connecticut, from the year 1785, to May, 1788, with some Determinations in the Supreme Court of Errors.”

Connecticut Court Statistics

Connecticut Courts recieve 744,019 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 521,656 filings and gave 513,294 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 448,814 filings and had 491,320 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 763,239
2013 755,112
2014 771,818
2015 736,914
2016 693,010

Connecticut Court Records Availability

Connecticut court records are maintained at both physical library branches and in online databases. Past decisions by the Connecticut Supreme Court and lower courts are all available upon request. Many Connecticut court records are searchable by defendant or plaintiff name, case number and even year.

The state’s library database also includes historical copies of Connecticut’s constitution and all amendments and ratifications that have taken place. Other documents of interest are those outlining local, state and federal statutes. These statutes are often used by attorneys and students when crafting arguments for a case. These Connecticut court records play a vital part in the appeals process, as oral arguments are heard for about 30 minutes by the Connecticut Supreme Court, but the justices usually take months to issue a decision.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 338,818 (75.5 %)
Criminal: 109,996 (24.5 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Traffic: 379,364 (77.2 %)
Criminal: 111,956 (22.8 %)

Connecticut Main Court Information

The state’s Supreme Court hears oral arguments in appeals, and has mandatory jurisdiction over civil and criminal appeals from lower trial courts. However, it may exercise discretion over non-capital criminal appeals and some civil appeals. As the court of last resort, any appeals from Connecticut Supreme Court decisions must be submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court.

There are a total of seven justices serving the court, which holds eight, two-week sessions per year between September and June. The court holds its sessions in the city of Hartford.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Connecticut at year end 2016 has increased by 24.5% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 37,471 with a rate of 1,044 cases per 100,000 population, lower than it's in 2016.

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Connecticut

More Domestic Relations Cases than Connecticut:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Connecticut:

State: Caseload:
Wisconsin 47,239
Colorado 44,152
New Mexico 43,588
Kansas 34,696
Iowa 34,221

Connecticut Caseload Statistics

Connecticut’s Supreme Court hears only a few hundred cases each year. In 2007, there were 223 filings and 229 dispositions. In 2013, there were 158 filings and 191 dispositions.

Connecticut Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Connecticut counts 109,848 with 21,217 felony cases and 88,631 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 143,427 32,587 78,591
2013 152,653 25,904 97,893
2014 146,578 25,940 95,453
2015 116,011 23,942 91,795
2016 109,996 21,217 88,631