Arkansas Court Records

Arkansas court records are frequently sought by local citizens looking for information on civil or criminal court proceedings. Specific case information, parties involved, charges filed and even the current disposition of the case can be found by searching online. These details are vital to any subsequent case against a party of interest, as well as legal documentation that confirms the current state of a case.

Other Arkansas court records that are of interest can also be found within the volumes of information maintained by the Arkansas Supreme Court Library in Little Rock. This library holds information valuable to local judges and attorneys when researching past decisions and cases, as well as any citizen interested in learning more about rules of the court and local statutes.

Arkansas Court Records

History of Arkansas Courts

Arkansas was the 25th state admitted to the union in 1836, and the state first created a supreme court with three justices. Later, the constitution was ratified in 1874 to increase the number of justices to five. Future amendments allowed for up to seven justices, which is how many currently serve the court. These justices are elected to the bench to serve eight-year terms.

Arkansas Court Statistics

Arkansas Courts recieve 695,500 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 734,010 filings and gave 549,448 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 52,577 filings and had 48,439 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2012 734,010
2013 709,423
2014 1,187,653
2015 695,905
2016 150,511

Arkansas Court Records Availability

Arkansas court records are readily available to the public through the Arkansas Supreme Court Library, located in Little Rock. This library was created by the Act of 1851, and serves the judges and legal community throughout the judicial system in the state. It is also exclusively controlled by the Arkansas Supreme Court. There are several state and federal government documents available for review, past cases, current dispositions of the high court and state and local statutes on record here.

Sources for Arkansas court records available in the library include the Arkansas Bar Association, Small Claims Court Handbook, Arkansas General Assembly notes and judges’ benchbooks. Arkansas court records are frequently used to file for divorce, file a small claim or even learn about local laws and court proceedings. Many members of the public can also utilize the library for self-help legal forms and documents for cases that may not need the assistance of an attorney.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Domestic Relations: 52,577 (100.0 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Domestic Relations: 48,439 (100.0 %)

Arkansas Main Court Information

The Arkansas Supreme Court meets September through July in a typical year at the justice building in Little Rock. This court hears appeals from lower trial courts and the court of appeals. Justices also exercise authority over all lower courts in the state and attorney conduct. This is the court of last resort in the state.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Arkansas at year end 2016 has decreased by 13.3% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 59,578 with a rate of 2,020 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 59,578 734,010
2013 56,443 709,423
2014 55,853 1,187,653
2015 54,377 695,905
2016 52,577 150,511

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2012 59,578 56,792 2,020
2013 56,443 53,344 1,907
2014 55,853 53,015 1,883
2015 54,377 50,783 1,826
2016 52,577 48,439 1,759

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Arkansas

More Domestic Relations Cases than Arkansas:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Arkansas:

State: Caseload:
Minnesota 49,714
Connecticut 49,660
Wisconsin 47,239
Colorado 44,152
New Mexico 43,588

Arkansas Caseload Statistics

The average number of cases filed with the Arkansas Supreme Court is 300, though this number can vary widely. In 2007, there were 396 cases filed and 407 dispositions, while in 2012 the court received 269 case filings and handed down 157 dispositions.

Arkansas Criminal Caseloads

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2014 521,782 39,765 434,316

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 16,871 cases, it went from 114,805 to 97,934.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2012 114,805 75
2013 93,291 77
2014 93,905 65
2015 93,850 60