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Alabama Court Records

Alabama court records are available for public viewing online and in person at local law libraries. The state boasts one of the oldest law libraries in the country, rich in historical and current decisions from both state courts and federal appellate courts. District court appeals are sent directly to one of the appellate courts located in the state’s capital city of Montgomery, where Alabama court records are also recorded for the public and courts’ use.

Alabama Court Records

History of Alabama Courts

The Supreme Court and State Law Library was created in 1828 and is the oldest such library in the state. Its original name was the “Library Society of the Bench and Bar of the Supreme Court,” which was created for the sole use of the Alabama Supreme Court. In 1838, the governor wanted to merge the State Law Library and Library of the Society, but much of the state library was destroyed in a fire in 1849. Later, in 1859, the two libraries created the Supreme Court Library. The high court justices decided to make the library available to the Congress of the Confederate States in 1861. In 1940 the library moved to the Judicial Building from the Capitol building, and in 1965 it was opened to the public.

There are approximately 220,000 records maintained in microforms in the library, including all published decisions of the state and federal appellate courts throughout the U.S., as well as the statutes of every state. Designated as such in 1884, it is known to be one of the oldest U.S. Government Depository libraries in the country.

Alabama Court Statistics

Alabama Courts recieve 875,357 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 504,149 filings and gave 510,425 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 776,904 filings and had 755,261 dispositions.

Total State Caseloads

Year Caseloads
2013 1,345,018
2016 776,904
2012 504,149

Alabama Court Records Availability

Alabama law libraries offer access to records regarding criminal records, civil records, small claims records, state traffic records, domestic relations and child support at the trial court level. These Alabama court records may be searched by case number or names of involved parties.

Information included in most Alabama court records includes dates of court hearings, information regarding involved parties, case action summary, images and even financial information about monetary settlements.

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Domestic Relations: 94,134 (18.7 %)
Criminal: 230,620 (45.7 %)
Civil: 179,395 (35.6 %)

Share of Court Type Outgoing Caseloads

Court Type Caseloads
Domestic Relations: 94,079 (18.4 %)
Criminal: 230,435 (45.1 %)
Civil: 185,911 (36.4 %)

Alabama Main Court Information

Alabama’s judicial system consists of trial courts and appellate courts. Appellate courts include the Court of Civil Appeals and Court of Criminal Appeals, as well as the Supreme Court of Alabama. There are 41 judicial circuits in Alabama. Nine Supreme Court justices hear appeals in Montgomery, Alabama.

On January 17, 1977, the state’s Unified Judicial System became effective (as allowed for in the 1901 constitution), and all appellate courts were relocated and established in Montgomery.

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Alabama at year end 2016 has decreased by 13.6% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases was 94,134 with a rate of 1,952 cases per 100,000 population, higher than it's in 2016.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2013 93,464 1,345,018
2016 82,891 776,904
2012 94,134 504,149

Domestic Relations Clearance Rates

Year Incoming Caseload Outgoing Caseload Caseload per 100,000 Population
2013 93,464 89,965 1,934
2016 82,891 80,999 1,704
2012 94,134 94,079 1,952

States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than Alabama

More Domestic Relations Cases than Alabama:

State: Caseload:
New York 570,709
Texas 397,468
California 388,903
Pennsylvania 342,163
Virginia 342,040

Less Domestic Relations Cases than Alabama:

State: Caseload:
Arizona 79,645
Massachusetts 78,134
Kentucky 64,784
Washington 59,949
Louisiana 58,947

Alabama Caseload Statistics

In 2010, the Alabama Supreme Court reported over 1,700 cases filed. The Court of Criminal Appeals reported 3,208 cases, though only 1,963 of those were new. This court’s caseload per judge is nearly twice the national average. For that same time period, the Court of Civil Appeals reported 2,027 cases, of which 1,214 were new filings.

Alabama Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Alabama counts 229,606 with 137,416 felony cases and 92,190 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 230,620 128,926 87,169
2013 243,092 132,501 97,223
2016 235,607 137,416 92,190

State Civil Caseload & Clearance Rates

In the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 20,067 cases, it went from 179,395 to 159,328 with clearance rates of 104% and 97%.

Year Civil Caseload Clearance Rate
2013 168,156 103
2016 159,328 97
2012 179,395 104