The President of the Untied States appoints a Federal Court Judge. He is the chief official who supervises upon the court of law. He can function singularly or with a board of other judges. Though the role and functions of judges vary based on different jurisdictions but his main role is to carry out a trial without any prejudices in an open court. The judge court is based on a hierarchical structure, higher the position, more complex are the functions of a judge. Supreme Court judges occupy the highest position in the court of law, and then there are Courts of Appeal Judges, next comes the Superior Court Judges, then there are District Court Judges, lastly comes the Magistrates who are not judges but assist the judges.
In the United State of America, judges are normally addressed as ?Your Honor'. This in itself depicts the elevated status of the decision makers of the judge court. The judges of the Supreme Court of the country together with the judges of several federal states of the United States are commonly known as justices or judges of peace. The State of New York is an exception because here the Court of Appeals holds the highest position instead of the Supreme Court that serves as a lower trial court. The other judges entrusted with the responsibilities of guardianships and trusts and estates are known as surrogates. Senior judges of the judge court include retired judges who serve as judges on selected, complex cases on a purely part time basis.
Access Judge Court Records Securely
Judge Court Records are actually a window through which one can see and understand the legal processes that take place in the country's municipal, state as well as federal courtrooms. These court records are made public so that any common person can access them for performing any background check of a person, to find missing people or even to verify certain information about someone. It is impossible to understand a person from his face value; with the boost in crime rates it becomes extremely risky to put faith in a stranger while employing someone for a crucial job or when you are choosing a babysitter. In such cases the online court records are a great help as they can reveal a person's past without even stepping out of your house. One can even check DUI records or records from court proceedings etc. A judge is the only person who has the power to seal a particular case depending on some unusual scenario. By registering with PACER (Public Access to Court Electronic Records) one can obtain electronic access to all the courts and judges, judges in court, attorneys, several kinds of cases and the copies of several documents etc.
Apart from checking out relevant judge court records for the purpose of background checking or verification of financial status, logging in to PACER will also enable a legal researcher to compile various interesting decisions given by the judge. Obtaining the latest status of your own case is also a reason for getting registered as a PACER user. Different types of cases will help to provide you with entirely different kind of information. Date and place of marriage together with the custodial and visitation rights can be viewed from divorce cases. Criminal cases of murder, rape and other felony charges will help you to identify the offender so that you can take adequate protection measures. The PACER service center handles the registration of the entire Federal Judiciary, billing for its users and also provides technical support to the online-based search resource. This system is not entirely free of charge and you will be charged a nominal fee of $.08 for accessing a page on PACER.
You are eligible for PACER login once you enter your details for registration. However, the user name and password of the system can be activated after a period of 24 hours and you can start searching for legal records only the next day. If you are in a hurry you can avail of the instant registration process that will enable you to go through the records immediately. Unlike the various private, commercial resources available on the Internet, PACER provides you with authentic information. PACER is also updated daily and once a case has been included in the CM/ ECF it can be viewed instantaneously over the electronic access system as well. There is no fixed date range for availability of past court opinions. Different courts follow different date ranges and the PACER searches through the database of the courts before returning matching results. You may have to check out the county and trial courts individually if you are interested in a lower court decision. PACER provides access to Federal courts only.
The Judge Supreme Court occupies the highest position in the judge court. The Supreme Court Judges are also called justices. There exists a single chief justice and six associate justices. When a petitioner files a case the supreme court judges look upon the decisions made by earlier judges of lower level and verify the details to check if their has been any error in decision making. They also validate on the written records of other court cases. Appeals Court Judge performs the function of supervising over the verdicts of other lower level judges. Other than that they also help the Supreme Court judges in cases which are less complicated and which concerns few people. Superior Court judges deals with cases that involve a big sum of money. The Judge in court travels to various parts on a state to preside over cases that deal with big crimes and also check on the decisions of other judges on cases with minor crimes. Judge District court deal with cases involving less than $10,000 but not include any major crime. Offenders with smaller crimes and juvenile convicts first appear before these judges. Magistrates can provide legal sanction over marriages. They deal with cases involving less than $3,000.
The role of judges is not confined to a single responsibility alone. They have to be extremely careful while judging a case and need to interpret the law properly. Assessing the situation on basis of evidence presented by either side is an important part of their duty. They also need to uphold the dignity of the court by maintaining the decorum during the process of trial. The outcome of most of the criminal cases and almost all civil cases are based on the decision of the judge alone. A few of these cases are conducted in presence of a jury. However, if a judge finds a suspect guilty and sentences him for more than five years of imprisonment, he has a right to request a jury trial. A lot of offenders take up this opportunity and opt for a jury. The offender, if found guilty can be sentenced to imprisonment or has to pay a hefty fine. Occasionally both are imposed on the guilty party. In civil cases the judge needs to assess the claims made by checking out the extent of damage.
Since the entire judiciary system depends on the judgment of a few individuals, the Federal Government appoints superior court judges after much deliberation. While the minimum requirement is the practice of law for ten years, most judges usually have far more experience as successful lawyers. During the process of appointment, prospective judges are required to submit an application to the committee. The committee consists of an evenly matched team of judges, lawyers, and officials as well as members of the general public. After assessing the application the committee submits a list of candidates who have been short listed for the position. The United States department of justice makes the final decision.
Although the citizens of America hold judges in high esteem, they are not omnipotent. They are also accountable for their decisions. Most of the hearings are open to the public and the media is free to criticize the decision if it feels that justice has been compromised. Appeals are a justifiable means of correcting such mistakes. Retrials can be ordered in order to rectify any error made during judgment. Misconduct, if proved can lead to removal of the judge from office.