General Jurisdiction Trial Court is a basic unit of the US state court system organization. The trial court of general jurisdiction is responsible for hearing trials at the basic level. A trial court can supervise the proceedings of any case, be it a civil or a criminal one. However that case must not be exclusively under the jurisdiction of any other court. The General Jurisdiction Trial Court in the Federal System of US is known as the District Court. However, the particular state court system may establish general jurisdiction trial court according to their organizational structure.
General Jurisdiction Trial Courts may also be under different names. For example, General Jurisdiction Trial Court in Florida is Florida Circuit Courts while in New York the responsibility is given to the New York Supreme Court. Again, the state of California has Superior Courts that have the same role. The jurisdiction of the trial court is not determined by its name. For example, the Nevada District Courts have general jurisdiction but the Maine District Court has limited jurisdiction. It is not necessary that all district courts would have general jurisdiction.
General Jurisdiction Trial Court has the responsibility to hear any trial case. However, there are limited jurisdiction trial courts that handle a number of particular cases as well. Moreover, in majority of US states, there are other courts that are present to hear specific cases. For example, the Small claims court or the Family court. Administrative agencies and quasi-judicial units are also there for trials. These bodies, created by statute, have adjudicatory powers and can handle cases that involve procedures of simplified versions.
General Jurisdiction Trials involve admittance of evidence and testimony related to a case. This is done under applicable procedural law which dictates the rules of evidence. ?Findings of fact' or determinations, as they are commonly known, is done on the basis of these evidence and testimony. Based on the applicable law, findings of law are made by one or more judges. A jury may also be present along with the judge(s) in the trial court. The judge(s) act as the triers of fact as well as triers of law in the absence of the jury. This is known as bench trials in legal diction. However, the responsibility of the triers of fact goes to the jury in other cases.
General Jurisdiction Trial Court
General Jurisdiction Courts can hear a trial at the basic level and decide on a case. If the losing party is not satisfied with the decision taken by the General Jurisdiction Trial Court, they can go to the appellate court with a plea for the revision of the decision. In order to revise the decision, the appellate court needs to have all the documents related to the case. It is the responsibility of the trial court to provide the documents related to the case to the appellate court. Thus, General Jurisdiction Trial Courts also maintain all case records and are known as Court of Records.
All General Jurisdiction Trial Court records are available over the Internet. If you have a personal computer and an Internet connection, you can access these records with ease. Public Access to Court Electronic Records and the National Archives of US are reliable sources of information. The governmental and non-governmental websites offer information for cases filed in US states for a nominal charge. This is convenient, hassle-free and cost-effective as well.