The Federal Court of U.S. is often termed as the "guardians of the Constitution". The federal courts are there to fairly and impartially interpret and apply the law, resolve disputes and, perhaps most importantly, to protect the rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution. The courts do not "make" the laws. The Constitution delegates making, amending and repealing federal laws to the U.S. Congress.
In the very first bill considered by the U.S. Senate i.e. the Judiciary Act of 1789 , it divided the country into 12 judicial districts or "circuits." The court system is further divided into 94 eastern, central and southern "districts" geographically across the country. Within each district, one court of appeals, regional district courts and bankruptcy courts are established. The Federal Court Cases are examined with special supervision and hearing as per the priority is stated.
At Supreme Court, cases typically come as appeals to decisions of lower federal and state courts. Each of the 12 regional circuits, present within the States, has one U.S. court of Appeals that hears appeals to decisions of the district courts located within its circuit and appeals to decisions of federal regulatory agencies. The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction and hears specialized cases like patent and international trade cases. The 94 district courts, located within the 12 regional circuits, hear practically all cases involving federal civil and criminal laws. Decisions of the district courts are typically appealed to the district's court of appeals.
The federal courts have jurisdiction over all bankruptcy cases. Bankruptcy cannot be filed in state courts. The primary purposes of the law of bankruptcy are laid down to offer an honest debtor a "fresh start" in life by relieving the debtor of most debts, and to repay creditors in an orderly manner to the extent that the debtor has property available for payment. Other than that, two special courts have nationwide jurisdiction over special types of cases. With the careful administration from different court houses, the Federal Court Cases are dealt in a rigorous manner.
Federal District Court Cases
The 94 United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. Both civil and criminal cases are filed in the district court, which is a court of law, equity, and admiralty. There is a United States bankruptcy court associated with each United States district court. Each and every federal judicial district has at least one courthouse, and many districts have more than one.
Searching through online federal court cases gives information regarding court judgments against an individual, their prior arrest record and arrest warrants and even tax lien information. This information provides an insight into their past and help to decide if this is someone with whom one wants to associate, either through business or on a personal level.
Most individuals use this type of court records search when they are looking to hire an individual to work for them. However, these public records can be accessed by anyone who is looking to find an individual's criminal records information.
Federal court records can be accessed either through the court house or through online websites. The online court records search can most often produce faster results and will also save the time in visiting a courthouse. Taking the time to search online court records can save trouble in the long run and helps to keep an individual out of an otherwise uncomfortable and sometimes harmful situation