If you want to locate your nearest district court, you can make a search on Internet. There is some government as well as non-government websites that offer district court map. There are separate links to every state which take you further to the state and there to the court. If you browse through these links, you will be navigated to different sections like district courts, bankruptcy courts, probation services, court and jury information, district court rules, access to case files, district court docket etc.
The Federal District Court Directory has the details of Civil District courts as well as District Criminal Courts. There are online inquiry systems offered by certain district courts. You need to provide details of the person involved along with the case number. These courts even update and revise the pending cases.
There are search directories available which would take you to the volumes of Federal Court Cases. These directories include district court cases, Supreme Court cases etc. These sites provide you with district court records as well. District court record is nothing but the documented form of your court proceeding. Any paperwork that has been filed in district court can be called district court records too.
You get the information online. Mainly these websites offer partial information. To know more about them, you can contact the website owners and send them your queries. Such databases have been created so that there is an official record for the public. The information collected originates from filing district court forms to the termination of the case. The cases that were completed have the complete information from filing to their termination. The cases with pending status have information only on their filing. In case of civil and appellate data, analysis unit is regarded as single 'case' while the analysis unit of criminal records is considered as single 'defendant'.
The President on the basis of the 'good behavior' and adequate qualifications appoints all district court judges. However, this is not entirely under his discretion. The Senate has its influences on the selection of the district court judges as well. The federal and circuit court judges as well as the justices of the Supreme Court can also judge the district court hearings. However, this can be done only when ordered by the chief circuit judge or the US Chief Justice. The appointment of the district court judges is for a lifetime term. These judges can however be removed from their positions using the procedure of impeachment. This procedure can be carried out when the judge is in violation of the 'good behavior'.