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Georgia Courthouse Records

Georgia Courthouse was recognized by amendment of the constitution of Georgia in the year 1906. Under the newly framed constitution in 1983, the court was stated to be a court of review; it is responsible for exercise of appellate and certiorari jurisdiction of all cases not set aside for the Supreme Court.

The main Georgia Courthouse is located at 47 Trinity Ave. in Atlanta. It chairs 12 judges in divisions of 3 judges each for trial and determining cases. At the moment Anne Elizabeth Barnes, is selected by vote of the judges.

Georgia Superior Courthouses: These have special jurisdiction over trials in criminal cases apart from where the offenders are juveniles. They also have command over cases concerning titles to land, cases relating to divorces and cases concerning the issue of justice, and sustain some appellate jurisdiction over lower courts. Every county has its own superior court, while a judge may provide service to more than one county. A chief judge looks after the administrative everyday jobs for each circuit.

Georgia State Courthouses: There are 87 such state courts with standardized jurisdiction as specified by law. The state courts were recognized by a 1970 legislative act designating some of the existing courts limited jurisdiction as "state courts.? These courts implement jurisdiction over all offenses, violations.

State courts also are certified to hold hearings relating to applications for issue of search and arrest warrants, and the courts are empowered to hold preliminary hearings in criminal cases. The constitution also gives the state courts power to evaluate some decisions taken by the lower court. Georgia Juvenile Courthouses: Every Georgia County has their own juvenile court mainly to "protect the well-being of children, provide guidance and control conducive to child welfare and the best interests of the state, and secure care for children removed from their homes."
The court's elite, unique authority extends to delinquent children who are 17 years of age and "deprived or unruly children" under 18 years of age. Juvenile courts have concurrent jurisdiction together with the higher courts in cases concerning assets felonies, protection and child maintenance cases, and procedures to conclude parental rights. The higher courts have novel jurisdiction over those juveniles who commit serious crimes, while the juvenile court has jurisdiction over minors committing offenses like trafficking, enlisting in the army, looking for approval to marry, and those concerning the Interstate Compact on Juveniles.

Georgia Probate Courthouses: Georgia's probate courts, previously called "courts of ordinary," implement selected, unique jurisdiction for the probation of wills, management of estates, meeting of guardians and involuntary hospitalization of injured adults and other persons. Every county have a probate court with a single probate judge who manages oaths of office to communal officials, and issues wedding licenses. Probate judges are also authorized to hold habeas corpus hearings or chair over first round hearings on criminal matters. Unless a jury assessment is requested, probate court judges also hears certain delinquents, traffic cases and cases concerning violations of state sport and fish laws in counties.